|1-About Tang Soo Do|
Meaning of Tang Soo Do
Literally translated, the word Tang means T'ang Dynasty of China, which reflects the shared cultural background between China and Korea ( 617-907 AD ). Soo means hand, but it implies fist, punch, strike, or defense, etc. Do means way of life or art. Thus Tang Soo Do means the Korean classical martial art which legendarily was influenced by the T’ang method of martial art.
The Unified Silla Kingdom was overthrown by a warlord, Wang Kun, in 918 AD, and a New Kingdom called "Koryo" lasted for 475 years. In 1392 AD, the new kingdom, Yi Dynasty, succeeded and lasted about 500 years. Approximately a thousand-year period elapsed between the two dynasties. Tang Soo Do became very popular with the general public. In those days it was called Kwon Bop, Tae Kyun, Soo Bahk, Tang Soo, etc. The very first complete martial art book was written at this time. This most important book is called "Mooyae Dobo Tongji." It was written in 1790 AD and contained illustrations that substantiate the theory that "Soo Bahk Ki," the formal name for Tang Soo Do, had quickly developed into a sophisticated art of combat techniques.
The subsequent occupation of Korea by the Japanese military regime took place from 1909 to 1945. During this period, practicing and teaching of martial arts was restricted. After World War II, 1945, this restriction was lifted. Several martial arts training schools were erected at that time as follows.
|Moo Duk Kwan||by Hwang Kee|
|Chi Do Kwan
||by Kwai Byung, Yun|
|Chung Do Kwan||by Duk Sung, Son|
|Song Moo Kwan
||by Byung Jik, No|
|Chang Moo Kwan||by Nam Suk, Lee|
|Yun Moo Kwan||by Sang Sup, Chun|
|These founders started to organize their own organizations respectively, and Master Hwang Kee organized the "Korean Soo Bahk Do Association" on November 9, 1945. Besides the Soo Bahk Do Association's existence in Korea, there were various types of other martial arts called "Kong Soo" or "Tae Soo". In 1965, all of these various systems were united into the "Korean Tae Kwon Do Association", and the art was called "Tae Kwon Do" uniformly. As a Korean national sport, Tae Kwon Do initiated a new era and instructors were dispatched throughout the world, and international tournaments were held. In those days, Tang Soo Do and Tae Kwon Do were divided, with Tang Soo Do striving to retain as a traditional martial arts, while Tae Kwon Do held its world games and sports.|
Birth of the World Tang Soo Do Association
In 1968 Master Jae Chul Shin came to the United States of America as the U. S. representative for the Korean Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan. He formed the U. S. Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan Federation in Burlington, New Jersey in 1968. This traditional Korean Martial Art was quickly accepted and soon grew in popularity throughout the World. The organization reformed to fit new demands internationally, and on
|November 13 and 14th, 1982,
a charter convention of the World Tang Soo Do Association was held in Philadelphia,
PA., USA. With the advent of the World Tang Soo Do Association, Tang Soo
Do began a new era of development as a traditional martial art.
The new organization has grown at an outstanding rate to reach over 130,000 members in 36 countries and thousands of students are training in the following countries; Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Chile, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, England, Germany, Greece, Guam, Holland, India, Italy, Korea, Mozambique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico, Rumania, Russia, Scotland, Seychelles, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Uruguay, and the U.S.A.
THE FIVE CODES OF TANG SOO DO
- Loyalty to Country
THE SEVEN TENETS OF TANG SOO DO
THE FOURTEEN ATTITUDE REQUIREMENTS
1. Purpose of training should be enhancement of
mental and physical betterment.
World Tang Soo Do Association Insignia
Reference: TANG SOO DO - Student's
Characteristics of Tang Soo Do Differentiation with Sports
|Ideal Goal||Subjective, set by self||Objective, set by others|
|Object of training||Increase mental, physical, and spiritual power||Win in competitions against others|
|For daily life||For specific competition|
|Importance of results||Results enhance the whole person||Results are only as good as competitive outcome|
|Teacher's influence||considered lifetime teacher, called Sah Bum Nim||Considered motivator during competitive years, called coach|
|Technical achievement||Can be achieved individually||Need group or team|
|Depth of training||Way of life centered on mental, physical, and spiritual growth||
Focus on physical development
|Philosophy, history,and tradition||Heavy emphasis on roots
|Training area||Anywhere since emphasisis on way of life||Need gym, field, ring, court, etc.|
|Physical size||not important - use vital points(Kop So)||Body sizes affects heavily|
|Character building||Major emphasis||Minor importance|
|Protocol and etiquette||Established code of conduct and protocol||Not practiced -little discipline required|
Meditation, ki hap, bow,
|Very important||Not practiced|
|Spiritual and inner beauty||Emphasized||Solely physical|
|Psychological remedy||Very effective in dealing with fear,anger, worry, frustration||Remedy for stress, some help|
|Concentration||Must be highly developed and used during entire session||Some degree|
|Building leadership||Very important as person advances through the ranks||Not important|
|Organized ranking of advancement||Tied to individual growth and maturity||Tied to team need and physical skills|
Reference: Tang Soo Do Essence Volume I by
Jae C. Shin.
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